Disability Data and the Sustainable Development Goals
On the 19th April EUD followed a webinar online, which was produced by the International Disability Alliance (IDA). During the webinar IDA focused on data collection and data disaggregation by disability for the purpose of monitoring the implementation of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The objective of the webinar was to highlight the importance of data collection for persons with disabilities. During the webinar the global indicator framework that is designed to monitor the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals was introduced and the Washington Group (WG) short set of questions was explained. The objective was to share knowledge with participants on how organizations of persons with disabilities can advocate statistical offices on how to collect data and how to disaggregate it by disability.
SDG implementation is monitored through data. Data collection is crucial since it can provide with a number of persons with disabilities in a certain location and indicate the barriers that persons face. If such data is available, then it is clearer which policies and programs are necessary to eradicate those barriers. To collect the data, comprehensive indicator framework is needed. Persons with disabilities and DPOs were involved in the development of the UN’s comprehensive indicator framework which was designed to monitor the implementation of the SDGs. There are 232 global indicators monitoring SDG implementation out of which 11 make reference to persons with disabilities, in the areas of poverty eradication, education, employment, reducing inequalities, sustainable and inclusive cities, and peaceful and inclusive societies.
The Washington Group (WG) Short Set of questions is a set of questions designed to identify (in a census or survey format) the population that would not be participating fully in society because of functional limitation. The set of short questions is easy to administer since it deals with six major functional domains such as seeing, hearing, walking, remembering and concentrating, self-care and communicating. The responses to these questions are divided into four categories: from no difficulty to some, and from a lot or cannot do. Those six questions and four answer categories actually provide a large amount of information on the functional status of the population. For the SDGs for policy purposes it is determined that these six questions and four answers categories provide that anyone who reported having a lot of difficulty or could not do any of the functional domains would be considered to have disability for the purposes of SDG monitoring at the global level. Consistent with the purpose of the WG questions, these are people at greater risk than the general population for participation restrictions due to the presence of difficulties in six core functional domains, if appropriate accommodations are not made. WG question sets developed were developed in the way that they can be easily incorporated in to ongoing data collections.
The webinar was accessible, International Sign and Close Captioning were be provided. The webinar was recorded and made available for those who cannot connect.